By: Johns Hopkins Children’s Hospital

Fall sports are back in full swing. Sports related concussion seems to be on the rise. Patrick Mularoni, M.D., is the medical director of the Pediatric Sports Medicine program at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital. He is helping parents and coaches better understand concussions and how to treat the student athlete.

A concussion is a brain injury that occurs after trauma to the head or body. Concussion can occur in any sport or activity and can be caused by a blow to the body with no hit to the head. Our sports medicine department treated more than 3,000 athletes with concussions in the past five years, and although the majority came from traditional contact sports such as football, lacrosse, hockey and wrestling, we also have seen concussions in gymnasts, competitive swimmers and in recreational sports such as skateboarding.